Toothpaste is a product so ubiquitous in our daily lives that we often take its existence for granted. We use it morning and night, but have you ever wondered when toothpaste was first invented? The story of toothpaste is a fascinating journey through time, innovation, and oral hygiene. In this article, we’ll explore the history of toothpaste, shedding light on when it was first created.

Ancient Beginnings

The concept of toothpaste, surprisingly, dates back to ancient civilizations. Several early cultures had their own versions of tooth-cleaning pastes:

  1. Egypt: The ancient Egyptians are credited with creating one of the earliest forms of toothpaste around 5,000 BC. Their toothpaste consisted of a mixture of crushed rock salt, mint, dried iris flowers, and pepper.
  2. Greece and Rome: Both the Greeks and the Romans had their tooth-cleaning concoctions. The Greeks often used a mix of oyster shells and crushed bones, while the Romans employed charcoal and bark.
  3. China and India: Ancient Chinese toothpaste contained a mixture of salt, ginseng, and herbal mints. In India, the practice of using neem twigs to clean teeth dates back thousands of years.

Medieval and Renaissance Toothpaste

The Middle Ages and Renaissance period saw a range of tooth-cleaning pastes and powders. One popular mixture in the 18th century was “tooth powder,” a concoction containing substances such as brick dust, crushed china, and even porcelain.

The Birth of Modern Toothpaste

The invention of modern toothpaste, as we know it today, can be attributed to several key milestones:

  1. Tooth Powder: In the early 19th century, a dentist named Dr. Peabody introduced a tooth powder containing soap, as well as chalk and ground charcoal. This represented a significant advancement in tooth-cleaning products.
  2. Toothpaste in a Jar: In the late 19th century, toothpaste in a jar began to gain popularity. Colgate, founded in 1873, was one of the first companies to produce and distribute toothpaste in jars.
  3. Toothpaste in Tubes: The 20th century marked a transformative era for toothpaste. In 1896, the first collapsible toothpaste tube was patented. This innovation, which allowed for easier and more hygienic storage of toothpaste, was a game-changer for the industry. Colgate introduced its toothpaste in a tube in 1896.
  4. Fluoride-Added Toothpaste: In the mid-20th century, the addition of fluoride to toothpaste revolutionized oral health. Fluoride has been shown to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. This significant advancement has contributed to the improvement of dental hygiene worldwide.
  5. Advanced Formulas: In recent years, toothpaste has seen further advancements with the introduction of specialized formulas, including those designed for sensitive teeth, whitening, and addressing specific oral health issues.


The history of toothpaste is a remarkable journey through time and human innovation. From ancient mixtures of herbs and abrasives to the advanced formulas we use today, toothpaste has come a long way. The invention of toothpaste has revolutionized oral hygiene, contributing to improved dental health worldwide. As we continue to see advancements in dental care, it’s important to remember that the simple act of brushing with toothpaste has a rich history that spans thousands of years.