Everyone has to have their teeth cleaned on a regular basis. It is particularly important for expecting mothers. Did you know that your oral health is affected by pregnancy hormones? Pregnant women are more susceptible to a number of dental issues. This can have an effect on both the mother and the child. This is because a woman’s body goes through a lot of changes when she is pregnant.
Several hormones linked to pregnancy, in particular, are elevated during pregnancy. The pregnancy hormones of concern are estrogen and progesterone. A woman produces more estrogen in a single pregnancy than she does in her entire non-pregnant life. Estrogen is required for the development and growth of the fetus.
It causes blood vessels to grow in the uterus and placenta. It also aids in the delivery of nutrients to the fetus and provides support. Progesterone levels rise to dangerously high levels during pregnancy. Ligament laxity is linked to progesterone, while estrogen is necessary for embryonic development.
The ligaments loosen as the fetus grows, allowing the uterus to expand. The ureters, which link the bladder and kidneys, grow as well. Pregnancy changes the amounts and types of several hormones. This is due to increased estrogen and progesterone levels.
These hormonal changes are required for a healthy pregnancy, but they can affect your oral health.
Your teeth may change during pregnancy.
Acidity may be increased by hormonal changes in the mouth during pregnancy. It will result in an increase in cavities. It can also lead to an increase in sugar consumption, which can lead to cravings.
Furthermore, it’s possible that this is related to a lack of attention to preventive dental care. The ligaments and bones in the mouth may become a little lax during pregnancy. The teeth may migrate slightly as a result of this.
This does not hasten tooth loss, but it should be considered. Loose teeth can be caused by a variety of conditions, so it’s a good idea to get them checked out to find out what’s causing them. During the third trimester, the body’s inflammatory process has an impact on the number of bacteria and plaque present.
Toxins are released by bacteria and plaque, which can lead to infection in the teeth and joints. If left untreated, this infection can enter the bloodstream and cause significant illness.
Dental issues associated with pregnancy
Gum disease is a disorder in which the gums are inflamed. When a woman is pregnant, hormones can make her more likely to get gum disease.
This can happen, for example:
The initial stage of gum disease, gingivitis, is more likely to occur during the second trimester. Swelling and bleeding gums are the causes.
Periodontal disease is caused by untreated gingivitis.
A red, spherical tumor on the gums that forms during pregnancy is known as pregnancy epulis.
The majority of gum problems caused by pregnancy disappear after the baby is delivered. However, some mothers may develop gum disease after the baby is born, necessitating therapy.
Morning sickness is extremely prevalent.
An increase in estrogen levels throughout the first trimester causes it. Estrogen levels will rise throughout the pregnancy, reaching a peak in the third trimester. As a result of pregnancy hormones, the ring of muscle that retains food inside the stomach weakens.
Morning sickness can cover your teeth in damaging stomach acids as a result. Vomiting on a regular basis can wear down your enamel and make your teeth more likely to get hurt. If you’re suffering from morning sickness, try the following:
It’s not a good idea to brush your teeth shortly after vomiting. After an hour, brushing should be done.
Minerals and vitamins
During pregnancy, you’ll need to increase your calcium consumption. This could protect your bones while also meeting the needs of your growing child. Calcium can be found in a variety of foods, including dairy and nuts like almonds.
Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. Too much sun exposure might cause vitamin D levels to rise. Fatty fish, eggs, margarine, bread, cereal, and other foods include it.
Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. Vitamin D levels can be boosted with a small amount of sun exposure. Be careful not to get burnt. Supplements for calcium and vitamin D are both available. Before using it, talk to your doctor.
Feelings of hunger
Some women have strange nutritional preferences when pregnant. You may be at risk for tooth decay if your cravings include junk food or unhealthy snacks. While sweet meals and beverages are fine in moderation, clean your teeth thoroughly afterward.
What dental care is required while pregnant?
Every six months, everyone, pregnant or not, should have their teeth cleaned and examined. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, chronic cough, and dental osteoporosis are a few examples. All of this could be the result of poor dental hygiene.
Postponing therapy may lead to more serious complications. Keep in mind that most preventative therapies are safe throughout pregnancy. Not only that, but there’s a higher chance of a premature birth.
Maintain your regular dental treatment at home instead. High sugar foods and beverages should be avoided like the plague. Also, remember to brush with fluoride toothpaste twice a day and floss once a day.
Is having dental treatment done while pregnant safe?
Yes, it certainly is! Not only is dental treatment safe during pregnancy. Dentists and medics also strongly recommend it. It’s possible that doing so will increase the odds of a healthy pregnancy. Preventative dental care is the most prevalent type of dental therapy provided during pregnancy.
It’s also worth mentioning that dental x-rays and local anesthetics are perfectly safe for both the mother and the fetus’ growth. Digital dental x-rays release significantly less radiation than traditional x-rays. It has not been linked to concerns during pregnancy. You will also be asked to wear a lead apron as an extra precaution to reduce the amount of radiation that reaches your abdomen.
Final thoughts for pregnant women
Preventing gum disease and tooth decay during pregnancy is essential. It can be as simple as scheduling regular dental appointments. While your teeth may loosen naturally, it’s best to have a dentist check to see if there’s anything to be concerned about.